Power Yoga

Woman during power yoga exercise, which is like a hard workout

Power Yoga

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Definition

Power yoga is a category of related yoga styles stemming from the teachings of Ashtanga yoga master, K. Pattabhi Jois. It makes use of many of the vinyasas of his four main posture series, but has a much less-rigidly structured sequence.

There are many different schools and given its flexibility in the poses it utilizes, it can often create varied classes that may be a bit more popular to the general public, especially in America. Much of the focus of power yoga seems to be the use of asanas as a form of exercise, making this among the most rigorous forms of yoga. A lot of gyms have adopted it as an umbrella term to emphasize that it is an exercise-focused yoga class.

Power Yoga: The Fitness-based Style

Power yoga is said to have been developed in the 1990s by two students of K. Pattabhi Jois, Bryan Kest and Beryl Bender Birch. Both were based on separate coasts of the US and created the style independently of each other. Though both originally studied through different yoga masters, they spend a period under the direct tutelage of Jois. They decided to try to make yoga more exercise focused and emphasize its ability to improve flexibility and strength.

Power yoga is an exercise-focused yoga class
Power yoga is more exercise focused and emphasizes yoga's ability to improve flexibility and strength.

It has itself spawned its own offshoot styles often mixed with Bikram yoga, including Baptista Vinyasa Power yoga and CorePower yoga, and Rocket Yoga. Despite its popularity, it has been criticized by many yoga traditionalists and even Jois himself. He stated in a letter to Yoga Journal in 1995, in an attempt to distance his ashtanga yoga from power yoga, that power yoga is incomplete, focuses too much on ego-driven goals, and is merely “ignorant bodybuilding”.

Portrait of K. Pattabhi Jois
Indian Yoga Teacher
(1915 – 2009)
The Ashtanga yoga system should never be confused with “power yoga” or any whimsical creation which goes against the tradition of the many types of yoga shastras (scriptures). It would be a shame to lose the precious jewel of libiration in the mud of ignorant bodybuilding.

Practice

Power Yoga is Based Upon the General Ideas of Ashtanga Yoga

Power yoga is based upon the general ideas of Ashtanga yoga, so it shares many principles with its predecessor. Unlike Ashtanga yoga, it puts the choice of asanas and sequencing in the hands of the individual teacher. It is generally vinyasa-based, meaning it is structured through a series of different poses in succession.

It will often incorporate sun salutations as a warm up and move on to more balance-focused postures.

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Often it moves on to back bends and core exercises, before going into inversions, then calming down with hip-openers. Classes typically end with a cool down postures, the most common being savasana, or corpse pose. Proper breathing is usually stressed.

The Power Yoga is Not Merely Exercise

Power yoga teachers have gone out of their way to stress that power yoga is not merely exercise and can very easily facilitate the other seven limbs of yoga beside the asanas: “yama”, or moral codes; “niyama”, self-purification and study; “pranayama”, or breath control; “pratyahara”, or sense control; “dharana”, or concentration; “dhyana”, or meditation; and “samadhi”, or contemplation.

Bryan Kest, for example, stresses that it is primarily about overall health, not fitness. His yoga program incorporates tips for meditation, improving mental and spiritual health, and diet advice. Books such as Beryl Bender Birch’s Beyond Power yoga: 8 Levels of Practice for Body and Soul shows ways in which students of power yoga can explore beyond its strength as a type of exercise to realize the full benefit of a yoga practise.

Beryl Bender Birch yoga teacher and writer
Beryl Bender Birch (born October 1942) is a teacher of yoga as exercise and a creator of Power Yoga.

Benefits and Risks

Power Yoga as Exercise

With i’s focus on continuous movement, vigorous vinyasas, and strength, power yoga can be viewed as an effective form of exercise and is offered in many gyms around the world. Teachers claim that a regular power yoga practise can increase flexibility, balance, core strength, and stamina. It can be considered a cardiovascular exercise.

When combined with a healthy diet, it can potentially help with weight loss and increase muscle tone. Some claim that it can increase one’s metabolism, especially when used as a supplement to regular cardiovascular exercise.

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Power Yoga Can Help Keep One’s Mind Sharp

Studies have shown that a regular ashtanga yoga practice can help keep one’s mind sharp. Due that both power and Ashtanga yoga involve intense concentration to complete many of the movements, it is natural to assume that both can help improve one’s coordination and balance.

Another study has shown that yoga can also improve a general sense of well-being and short-term memory. Again, this was not directly studying power yoga, but given its similarity to Ashtanga practices, it may have similar effects.

Power Yoga Can Treat a Variety of Emotional and Mental Disorders

Yoga in general is being used as a supplementary therapeutic practice that can treat a variety of emotional and mental disorders. Some researchers have looked into the possible use of a regular yoga practice as a type of therapy for emotional or mental problems.

Studies suggest that it can be effective in reducing anxiety or depression, though the study did not look specifically at power yoga.

Extreme Poses May Cause Injuries

Power yoga does not progress at the careful pace as the more structured Ashtanga yoga, so there is a chance that students may be encouraged to complete poses their bodies are not fully prepared for. This can lead to injury. Teachers such as Larry Schultz take a priority in opening the joints before moving on to more extreme poses to reduce the dangers of injury.

Given that it is a more exercise-based and intense form of yoga, it is not recommended for people who suffer from arthritis, pregnant women, or those who are not at least somewhat fit.

13 Sources +

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